Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 39, no. 4 (April 1988): 287–297

Interference Coefficients for Overlapping Oxygen Lines in Air

doi: 10.1016/0022-4073(88)90004-0

Philip W. Rosenkranz

Abstract: Interference coefficients describe the non-Lorentzian effect that arises as pressure broadening causes lines to overlap. These coefficients, one for each line, are at moderate pressures related linearly to absorption and dispersion. They are determined here for the 5-mm wavelength oxygen lines broadened by air. The method includes four a priori constraints on off-diagonal elements of the relaxation matrix, which produce the interference effect: (1) detailed balance; (2) intra-branch submatrices are assumed to be identical; (3) coupling between the + and – branches is ignored; (4) coupling between the (positive-frequency) resonances and the nonresonant and negative-resonant branches is represented by a small bias term in the interference coefficients. The linear equations relating measured dispersion to the interference coefficients are solved by the Twomey-Tikhonov method, which minimizes a cost function, subject to the condition of constant measurement-error variance. The cost function is chosen to minimize the variation of elements along diagonals of the intra-branch relaxation submatrix. Implications for atmospheric radiative transfer are briefly discussed.

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