IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, vol.57, no.2, pp.258-262, June 2011

The Relationship Among Video Quality, Screen Resolution, and Bit Rate

doi: 10.1109/TBC.2011.2121650

Gregory W. Cermak; Margaret H. Pinson; Stephen Wolf

Abstract: How much bandwidth is required for good quality video for a given screen resolution? Data acquired during two Video Quality Experts Group (VQEG) projects allow at least a partial answer to this question. This international subjective testing produced large amounts of mean opinion score (MOS) data for the screen resolutions QIF, CIF, VGA, and HD; for H.264 and similar modern codecs; and for many bit rates. Those data are assembled in the present report. For each screen resolution, MOS is plotted as a function of bit rate. A plot of all four data sets together shows the bit rate that would be required to achieve a given level of video quality for a given screen resolution. Relations among the four data sets are regular, suggesting that interpolation across screen resolutions might be reasonable. Based on these data, it would be reasonable to choose a bit rate, given a screen resolution; it would not be reasonable to choose a screen resolution given a bit rate.

Keywords: HDTV; subjective testing; quality; CIF; bit rate; H.264; QCIF; VGA

To request a reprint of this report, contact:

Lilli Segre, Publications Officer
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3572

For technical information concerning this report, contact:

Margaret H. Pinson
Institute for Telecommunication Sciences
(303) 497-3579

Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

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