May 1992 | Technical Memorandum TM-92-155

Preliminary Building Attenuation Model

Cite This Publication

Herbert K. Kobayashi and Gary M. Patrick

Abstract: In this technical report, preliminary graphical models spanning approximately 1 MHz to 30 GHz are developed for commercial and residential building attenuation. The models are least-square fits to the data available from the open literature. An estimate of the mean attenuation through the exterior wall can be made for most of the range of the models.

A measurement plan for verification and improvement of the graphical models is outlined, and an example of its application to residential houses at lower frequencies is provided.

The result of a literature review based on 31 references provides additional information for detailed applications. For this purpose, summarizing tables and figures are cross-referenced to primary sources of measurement data.

Keywords: VHF; UHF; building attenuation; penetration attenuation; shielding; Rayleigh fading; Rayleigh distribution

Disclaimer: Certain commercial equipment, components, and software may be identified in this report to specify adequately the technical aspects of the reported results. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, nor does it imply that the equipment or software identified is necessarily the best available for the particular application or uses.

For questions or information on this or any other NTIA scientific publication, contact the ITS Publications Office at or 303-497-3572.

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