December 1958 | Other NBS Circular 598

Techniques for Accurate Measurement of Antenna Gain

doi: 10.6028/NBS.CIRC.598

Herman V. Cottony

Abstract: Comparison of published results of experimental antenna measurements, particularly gains, reveals apparent discrepancies of the order of one or more decibels. Experimental work at the National Bureau of Standards on scaled model antennas for long-range VHF communication via ionospheric scatter revealed some sources of difficulties and led to the adoption of special precautions resulting in significantly more consistent and, it is believed, more accurate results. The procedures are based on the comparison method [l],1 but include, in addition to the standard antenna, the use of a third antenna here designated as the reference antenna. To obtain more accurate measurements it was found essential to correct for the standing wave pattern in the field set up, presumably, by reflections from the irregularities in the terrain. Special features of instrumentation, including methods for minimizing and measuring matching losses, are described. The accuracy of the techniques has been verified by measuring the gain of an antenna, the value of which could be accurately calculated.

Keywords: antennas; radio measurements

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Herman V. Cottony
National Bureau of Standards

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