June 1982 | NTIA Technical Report TR-82-102
Fading Signals in the MF Band
Arthur D. Spaulding
Abstract: In the MF band, interfering signals from one or more broadcast stations can be received. During nighttime periods, this interference is caused by fading signals, propagated from distances of more than about 200 miles. It is the purpose of this report to provide the techniques needed to properly determine the degree of interference from one or more distant broadcasting stations. Computer algorithms are developed which determine the actual overall fading distribution of one or a combination of two fading signals, when the short–term fading of each is represented by a Rayleigh distribution and the long–term fading of median values is given by a log-normal distribution. Also, a simple approximate means of determining the distribution of the median value of a signal given by the sum of any number of fading signals is given. This approximate method is accurate only for the smaller percentage points. It is found that the techniques described here lead to somewhat higher values for the sum of the signals than previous methods.
Keywords: MF fading; fading signals; signal interference
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